beinign cultural creative center, pavilion E
The garden is a very ancient "invention" which has accompanied the whole history of humanity and over time it has been transformed to follow the evolution of taste, thought and culture. Different places developed different shapes and features, due to different environmental, but also to historical, religious, social, cultural and spiritual characteristics. The exhibition features some of the themes related to two philosophies, two completely different ways, opposed but both crucial, of thinking the garden: the Chinese and the Italian ones.
The art of gardens in China is very ancient, the first signs of their existence dates back to the second millennium BC. The pursuit of harmony with the universe and love for nature are at the base of the composition of the magnificent imperial parks and later the private gardens, in which the natural world is reproduced and exalted by man to reach an ever deeper understanding. The Italian garden also dates back from ancient times and reached its greatest heights between 1400 and 1500 even though its influences lasted over the course of the following centuries in gardens throughout Europe. Despite different environmental conditions, natural landscapes, spaces, and even more the differences in the two cultures and spiritual and religious contexts, along with the historical and social evolution of two distant and detached countries, the core feature of the Chinese garden which it has in common with the Italian one, and which is linked to the profound and universal meaning of the garden itself, is the man's need and will to confront with nature to dominate it not only for practical needs, but as an aesthetic and symbolic challange. "To become music, sounds must be chosen and organized. The same goes for the gardens ... "
The starting point of the exhibition is not to feature a complete historical documentary of the significance and the evolution of these detached but fundamental trend of the art of gardens, but it is aimed to investigate how this gardens where designed, exploring the differences and the similarities in the structures and in the choice of certain elements, along with the structural, spiritual and cultural purpose in the design of gardens. And the reason of the choices at the base of the exhibition are in the fact that it is only starting from here that we can find in the works of art of antiquity ideas and models for the contemporary practice of gardening. In an era in which this art seems to be overcome by the natural sciences and technology, which looks at the natural environment just as the subject of practices of exploitation, or as something to be preserved through ecology, it is important to remember, as PietroPorcinai, one of the greatest gardener of the last century, said that "wherever the criteria and the poetry of the garden are missing while rule the dogmas of agriculture and the economic forest, nature can only be destroyed by the man (...) Art is the only way to return its meaning to human labor and perhaps to the whole life of our society ."
- Alessandra Fasanaro, Bruno Discepolo, Giovanni Aurino
Ado Architecture design organisation
- Giulia De Angelis
special thanks to
- AIAPP Associazione italiana Architettura del paesaggio
- Associazione Pietro Porcinai